30 Sep 2021
30 Sep 2021
Azerbaijan medical journal (ISSN: 0005-2523) - is a scopus indexed journal since 1961. The publisher of the journal is Izdatel'stvo Elm by WHO Office in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan medical journal (AMJ) is also UGC approved. The journal publishes general medicine, health science, psychological, pharmaceutical journals and so on.
Aim and Scope
Azerbaijan Medical Journal
Azerbaijan Medical Journal (ISSN: 0005-2523) - is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to.
Azerbaijan Medical Journal
The aim of the present study was to validate the Mosteller formula for the estimation of body surface area (BSA) in various childhood ages. Many physiological processes including drug metabolism correlate with values for BSA. In addition, dosing of many drugs, especially drugs with low therapeutic index, for example, anti-neoplastics, are based on estimated values of BSA. Published data from measured BSA in 268 children and infants (median age 8 month range 0–18 years) were compared with BSA values estimated by the Mosteller formula. Correlation between estimated and measured BSA values was performed by the Spearman rank correlation. Bias and precision were evaluated as outlined by Sheiner and Beal. Measured and estimated BSA values were compared by the Eksborg’s plot. Measured values of BSA and BSA values estimated by the Mosteller formula were closely correlated (rs = 0.973; p < 0.0001). The formula of Mosteller had with a precision of 9.38% and underestimated BSA by 4.06%. The quotients Estimated ⁄ Measured BSA were within the range 0.9–1.1 in 71.3% of the observations, but deviation up to 35% occurred. The Mosteller formula underestimates BSA in the paediatric population and must be used with precautions because of low precision, most pronounced in neonates and infants.
Consumers are exposed to a diversity of chemicals in all areas of life. Air, water, soil and food are all unavoidable components of the human environment. Each of those elements influences the quality of human life, and each of them may be contaminated. We are exposed to toxic or potentially toxic compounds in many ways in our daily lives and toxicology is clearly a subject of great importance for society. This becomes apparent when we look at the types of poisons and the ways in which we are exposed to them. Indeed, the categories cover virtually all the chemicals one might expect to encounter in the environment. After consideration of this, one might well ask “Are all chemicals toxic?” Phrase as an answer: “There are no safe chemicals, only their safe use”. Xenobiotics are defined here as those compounds, both organic and inorganic, produced by human beings and introduced into the environment, as well as into the food chain at concentrations that cause undesirable effects. Xenobiotics in the food chain are monitored in two forms: by testing – the objective of which is to discover unsuitable foodstuffs in the consumer’s network, and by monitoring – to obtain objective information about environmental components contamination and to harmlessness health of available foodstuffs.
To assess the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC), in whom subretinal fluid (SRF) was solely present outside the foveal area. In this retrospective study, 16 eyes of 15 cCSC patients who received half-dose PDT because of notable subjective visual complaints due to the presence of extrafoveal SRF, were included. An ophthalmic examination was performed before treatment, including Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity measurement, applanation tonometry, slit-lamp examination, and indirect ophthalmoscopy, followed by multimodal imaging, including fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, spectraldomain optical coherence tomography (OCT), enhanceddepth imaging OCT of the choroid, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography. In 7 treated patients (47%), PDT led to a decrease in visual complaints at the first evaluation visit. At this visit, extrafoveal SRF on OCT had resolved in 14 eyes (88%), whereas a complete resolution of extrafoveal SRF had occurred in all eyes at final follow-up visit. At baseline, posterior cystoid retinal degeneration was also present in 5 eyes (31%) and this remained present at all evaluation visits in these patients. Choroidal thickness decreased statistically significantly in the treated eyes, both foveally and at the location of the maximum height of extrafoveal SRF. No complications of PDT were observed. Half-dose PDT treatment of cCSC patients with visual complaints due to extrafoveal SRF accumulation is a safe procedure leading to complete SRF resolution, a decrease in choroidal thickness, and a reduction in visual symptoms
Characteristics of anxiety and depressive manifestations in patients with acute myocardial infarction taking into account their personal accentuations
The main objective of the study was to find out prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in the population of patients with AMI with ST-segment elevation (STEMI), treated with primary PCI (pPCI). Secondary target indicators included the incidence of sleep disorders and loss of interest in sex. The project enrolled 79 consecutive patients with the first AMI, aged <80 years (median 61 years, 21.5% of women) with a follow-up period of 12 months. Symptoms of depression or anxiety were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory II tests (BDI-II, cut-off value ≥14) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS, cut-off ≥ 45) within 24 hours of pPCI, before the discharge, and in 3, 6 and 12 months). Results with the value p<0.05 were considered as statistically significant. The BDI-II positivity was highest within 24 hours after pPCI (21.5%) with a significant decline prior to the discharge (9.2%), but with a gradual increase in 3, 6 and 12 months (10.4%; 15.4%; 13.8% respectively). The incidence of anxiety showed a relatively similar trend: 8.9% after pPCI, and 4.5%, 10.8% and 6.2% in further follow-up. Patients with STEMI treated by primary PCI have relatively low overall prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety. A significant decrease in mental stress was observed before discharge from the hospital, but in a period of one year after pPCI, prevalence of both symptoms was gradually increasing, which should be given medical attention.
Potential predictors of congenital malformations of the fetus in women with a history of antenatal mortality
Congenital anomaly is a partial or complete structural and/or functional defect during intrauterine life. Globally, major congenital anomalies account for 6% of all newborns among which about 94% of cases occurred in developing countries. In spite of its public health importance, very limited studies are reported in Ethiopia, and hardly any study in Arsi Zone. To determine the predictors of congenital anomalies among newborns in Arsi Zone Public Hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia. A multi-center institutional-based case-control study was conducted in 418 (105 cases and 313 controls) of newborns in Arsi Zone Public Hospitals. Descriptive analysis, binary and multivariable logistic regressions were implemented. In this study, women who have been drinking alcohol during pregnancy were 3.48 times more prone to have newborns with congenital anomalies than their counterparts (AOR = 3.48; 95% CI: 1.38, 8.74). The likelihood of having a newborn with congenital anomalies was six and four times higher for women who had a maternal illness (AOR = 6.10; 95%CI: 2.39, 15.57) and chewing khat during pregnancy (AOR = 4; 95%CI: 1.49, 10.65), respectively. Moreover, the lack of folic acid supplementation and pesticides during pregnancy were 3.25 and 4.76 times more likely to experience a newborn with congenital anomalies, respectively. Alcohol drinking, maternal illness, khat chewing, and chemical exposure during pregnancy had a significant association with the occurrence of congenital anomalies. While, taking folic acid supplements had a protective effect. Health experts and the community should take these factors into consideration and act accordingly