Anthropometry and physical fitness characteristics provide relevant information about ones health condition. A reduced risk of chronic diseases has been associated with high fitness level often measured by cardio – respiratory fitness parameters leaving out the other measures of physical fitness. Our study therefore investigated the relationship between anthropometric indices and other selected health-related components of fitness. A cross-sectional survey design was used to recruite 400 undergraduate university students (192 males and 208 females) within 18-35 years. The selected anthropometric indices [height (HT), waist-height ratio (WHtR), forearm girth (FAG)] and health-related components of fitness [handgrip strength (HGS), spinal flexibility (SF) and lean body mass (LBM)] were measured using standard procedures. Pearson‘s product correlation shows a significant relationship between HT and HGS (p = 0.001), HT and LBM (p = 0.001), HT and SF (p = 0.012), WHtR and LBM (p = 0.001), FAG and HGS (p = 0.001); and FAG and LBM (p = 0.001). Regression analysis shows that every one unit rise in HT causes 0.056 unit increase in HGS; every one unit rise in FAG causes 0.120 unit increase in HGS. There is a relationship between selected anthropometric indices and health-related fitness indices. Hence, one can be inferred from the other.