The fact that Covid-19 virus will not vanish completely requires people to have healthy behavior to control and prevent the spread (Covid-19 Preventive Behavior CPB). This is a systematic review and meta-analysis study that aims at providing a more reliable summary with a high level of evidence to estimate the scale of the effect of each component or perception of the HBM theory on Covid-19 prevention behavior. Articles were searched through databases from January – November 2022. The sources were from various databases such as: PUBMED and Google Scholar. No attempt was conducted to specifically search for unpublished articles. The keywords used were “Health Belief Model"[Mesh]” AND “covid preventive behavior”, AND “covid-19 preventive behavior”. 6 articles were eligible to be analyzed using RevMan5.4. the analysis results of the HBM predictor for increasing CPB are: susceptibility (RR: 1.03; 95% CI: 0.92 - 1.16; p value = 0.62), low self-efficacy, statistically these results are significant (RR: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.06 - 2.06; p value= 0.05), severity (RR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.08; p value = 0.0006), perceived barrier (RR: 0.82; 95%CI: 0.75 – 0.90; p value < 0.0001), perceived benefit (RR: 1.22; 95%CI: 1.06 – 1.41; p value = 0.006), Cues to action (RR: 1.38; 95%CI: 1.03 – 1.85; p value < 0.00001). Self-efficacy, severity, perceived barrier, perceived benefit, and cues to action have significant effects on CPB. These results indicate that HBM can be used as one of the bases in efforts to establish Covid-19 prevention behavior.